Monday, 1 February 2021

Learning to think. Practice

 

Learning to think. Practice

Developing the ability to represent.

The way is simple, it is suggested by Tanya Derevyanko from the village of Arzgir, Stavropol Territory: “If it is said, for example, that coal is found in the southwest of England, then I must clearly imagine this island and its southwest. If you just memorize words, cram, then this is tantamount to not learning at all, since in the future this text will be completely erased from memory, because we do not know its meaning. Such a student who memorizes a paragraph may stumble in the most unexpected place of the sentence, where everything is clear, judging by the meaning of the sentence. " It was said exactly. Each sentence in the textbook, each description should be tried to be presented to yourself - to create in the mind a representation, a picture, as complete as possible. When you study a textbook, an endless spectacle should go on in your mind - a representation of everything that is said in the textbook. Let's not allow an empty scene - emptiness in the head.

Learning to develop scientific concepts

To do this, keep in mind the difference between a concept and a scientific concept. If the word "feudalism" is encountered in a history textbook, then it is not enough to imagine a landowner and a serf, but one must not be too lazy again and again, glancing at the appropriate place in the book, to understand exactly what the essence of feudalism consists of, what relations did feudalism grow out of, how it developed, in what forms existed in different countries. Nothing approximate, just accurate, complete and clear understanding! Scientific concepts are our main wealth, it must be increased using every opportunity. This way of teaching lessons will seem very wasteful at first; we will soon be horrified to see how few precise and clear concepts we have. But every day things will go faster and faster, less and less returns and repetitions will be needed,

Learning to think

Let's make our motto simple words: "Think why?" After each phrase in the textbook, remember: "Think why?" Let's not rush to say to ourselves: “This is understandable,” we will not rush at all. The simpler the material appears, the more difficult it is usually to answer the “why” questions posed after each phrase. It is easy to verify this, for example, in a botany textbook. Many people think that this is an easy subject: learn, and that's it. But in this tutorial, put questions after each phrase and you'll see that half of them you can't answer! And of course, you have to be especially vigilant with the textbooks of mathematics. Once you forget about the question "why?", Skip past an incomprehensible place - and the whole lesson went down the drain.

Learning to apply knowledge

They usually think that knowledge can be applied only in practical work: in circles, in workshops, and so on. But it is much more difficult to develop the habit of applying knowledge at every step. On the way from school, let's take a closer look around - thousands of questions from physics surround us! When we open a new book, we will not think that it has nothing to do with what was discussed in literature lessons. When we write a letter to grandfather, we will not hope that grandfather will not put marks and that we can write illiterately. When we watch the program "Film Travel Club", we will not think that now we are resting and therefore we can completely forget the geography textbook. All life around the school is partly an arena for the battle for knowledge, a field for the application and development of knowledge. Let's try to live this way for at least a week, constantly asking questions,

Learning to check to understand

Everyone knows how to check whether you have memorized the material or not: you need to repeat it aloud or to yourself. But how can you test your understanding? Repetition is deceiving, you never know what worked - the mind or just memory. So how is it? We need to ask ourselves two questions:

a) do you understand further?

b) is there any interest in the material?

If it suddenly becomes incomprehensible, it means that the incomprehensible is left behind. Come back and understand!

If you get bored, then you don't understand anything!

Interest in classes is the surest sign of understanding. Understanding creates passion, and passion helps understanding.

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