Monday, 1 February 2021

Mind and Body



Mind and Body

The words "mind" and "body" have two completely 

different meanings, so in fact, there are four in one problem.

 This is very easy to understand using a drawing.

To begin with, “body” can mean the entire biological organism, including the brain (neocortex, limbic system, brain stem, etc.) - in other words, “body” can mean the entire Upper-Right quadrant, which I will call "Organism". I will also call the organism “Body” (with a capital “T”) as shown in the picture. Thus, the brain is in the body, which is a generally accepted scientific view (and an accurate description of the Upper-Right Sector).

However, “body” can have another meaning, which for the average person means the subjective feelings, emotions, and sensations of the directly experienced body. When a typical person says, “My mind is fighting my body,” he means that his will is fighting some bodily desire or urge (for example, for sex or food). In other words, in this common sense "body" means the lower levels of the inner sphere of a person. In the figure, this "body" (with a small letter "t") is shown in the Upper-Left sector and means the feelings and emotions of the perceived body (as opposed to the Body, which means the entire objective organism).

Moving from body to mind, most scientists simply identify “mind” with “brain” and prefer to talk only about brain states, neurotransmitters, cognitive research, and so on. I will use the term "brain" in this sense, which refers to the upper levels of the Top-Right quadrant (eg, the neocortex) as shown in the figure.

On the other hand, when the average person says "My mind is fighting my body," he is not implying that his new cortex is fighting his limbic system. By “mind” he means the upper levels of his inner sphere, that is, the upper levels of the Upper-Left sector - in other words, his rational will fights against his feelings or desires (the formal-operational fights against the vital and sensorimotor dimensions). The mind is described in phenomenological reports from the first person and in the language of "I", while the brain is described in objective reports from the perspective of the third person and in the language of "it".

There is another general sense of mind/body: “mind” can mean the inner dimension in general - or the Left Side - and “body” can mean the outer dimensions in general - or the Right Side.

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